Mastering Chords and Harmony

Now we’re into the minor 7th chords.
The minor 7th chord is built off the 1st,
3rd, 5th and 7th degrees of the dorian,
phrygian and aeolian mode. It also can be
found in the dorian flat two mode of melodic
minor and the dorian sharp four mode of
harmonic minor.

So let’s take that dominant chord that we
learned a while ago. Now, to convert the
dominant chord to minor 7, we only have to
change one thing, and that’s lowering the
major 3rd to the minor 3rd, a half step.
So the E to E flat. There’s our C minor 7 chord.

Now, let’s take our first inversion on
dominant 7. Again, we’re going to lower
the E to E flat. Now this particular
chord could also be thought of as an E
flat major 6 chord, root form, because
we had the E flat, the 5th of E flat,
the 6th and the major 3rd of E flat.
First inversion, minor 7th is also a
major 6 chord.

Let’s take the second inversion of dominant 7,
we’re going to lower the third down a half
step and bingo, we have a minor 7. Let’s take
the third inversion, dominant 7. Again, we
find the third in the chord, which is E, lower
it. There’s the minor 7.

What about a minor 7 sus 2? To create a minor 7
sus 2, we just lower the E flat to D, the second
note in the scale. Here we have a C minor 7 sus 2.

If you wanted to substitute a minor 7 sus 2 chord
in place of a minor 7, you have to be careful
when you’re doing it. In other words, you have
to know when that minor 7 is functioning as a
two chord or a six chord. Because if the minor 7
is functioning, say, as a 3 chord, you wouldn’t
substitute a minor 7 sus 2 in its place because
the 3 chord comes from the phrygian mode.
The phrygian mode has the flat second in there
instead of the natural second. So just be aware of that.

The minor 7 sus 2 is also the same chord as a
dominant 7 sus 2, or 7 sus 2. Because you take
this dominant 7th chord and lower the third down
to the second here.

Now, let’s take the first inversion of a minor 7
and change it into sus 2. That’s a nice chord.
Now second inversion, you lower the third down to
the second. Third inversion, lower the E flat down
to D. Now, this chord could be thought of as not
only the third inversion of a C minor 7 sus 2,
but also a B flat major 6 at 9, because we have
the B flat, the major third, the 6th and the 9th
of B flat.

You’ll find that chords have many names just
depending on the context.

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Wavatar Joe Bear

Daryl’s an amazing player, extremely knowledgeable, and clearly conveys advanced concepts. However, I need to quibble with his definition of a ‘minor 7 sus 2’ chord on several areas. Most importantly, his example does not have a third in it. As such, it is neither minor nor major. Further, the grouping of 1 3 5 7 2(9) is usually referred to simply as a 9th chord. Take away the third, and I’d generally refer to this as as a sus 9.

Of course I guess this just drives home his point that the same chord may have many names depending upon context. However, in reading minor 7 sus 2 off a head sheet, I think most jazzers would add an explicit minor 3rd.

Wavatar jay

Me quibble, too. Also the chorus is nice but kind of muddies the water. Theory is important if you want to get poly tonal. Anyone that can count can figure the music…most complex is a 13th which BS & T used in Spinning Wheel or E7 (+9) to A13 on down to G. The poly stuff is funny cause you can play 1,3 & -7 in the left hand [in “C” 2nd sp bass clef & 3rd sp “E” & Bb on top of same clef & play Eb (C7+9) in treble, or Gb (Cb9,11+), or last but not least A (C13b9) & use pentatonic on these? Anybody tried?
If Houston hadn’t cared about theory Armstrong wouldn’t have walked on the moon. I do enjoy the playing online now though. Check out Steve Khan’s website…tons of transcribed solos with various artists including him.

Wavatar robert

man i just wanna play guitar. all that technical stuff is clouding up the music. it’s cool that your a music professer, but it’s way tooo complicated

Wavatar bob hall


Wavatar r.paige

forget all the gibberish and show the chords in a melody…I don’t know, or care to know all the technical names for the stuff! ….to much technical jargon only confuses me.

Wavatar Jet Pack

That guitar sounds real purdy, but not sure the lesson applies to most players comprehension. One could take those chords and jam out a little sumpn’ though.

Wavatar Kevin

He is a great teacher. He can explain things in a very non-technical way. I like how he shows the chord in the major form, then drops it to the minor to hear the difference. Great chord inversions too. Just wish I had time to practice.

Wavatar Kevin

I would also refer to that as ‘the police chord’. Giant steps are what you take, walkin on the moon’. da da da dm7sus2

Wavatar Rob

Yeah, that’s right! Love that progression.

Wavatar Mike

How could you go wrong? You have chord diagrams, which allow you to test his theory.

You have different modes to work with.

I like the sound of his axe.

You could only benefit from this course.

I would almost call it amazing.


Wavatar [email protected]

my guitaring progress is always trampled upon by an insecure man who has just smashed my 8th guitar it is soul destroying but i will not give up on the one thing that makes me feel proud of myself but hey i need a new one it took me twelve months to pay of the last one boohoo it will come again no victim here the more they take from me the more determined i become to play this instrument sam who says believe in yourself…dont let the bastards get you down..rihanna…

Wavatar siv

I think it would be nice just to show the left hand finger work close up and just remind us the chord he is going from to the chord he is going to and just to remind us a bit of the context first instead of going to it cold in our busy lives!.

Wavatar Daniel

I bought 2 of Derryl’s videos and can’t get through either of them…. His voice is so mono tone that I’m nodding off in no time.

Wavatar John

This must be String Theory? I never did understand Quantum Physics! 😉

Wavatar john

Like every lesson I’ve looked at over many years, this does not inspire me to part with money. No one seems to want to try and explain WHICH chord fits WHERE and WHY, or they go through chord progressions without giving a song name or anything to identify the pattern. Why can’t someone just go back to basics?

Wavatar Roland

I appreciate you putting this together. I have been playing for a long time, Not professionally, but I am
passed the intermediate place, but always striving to learn and always become more open minded to new things, etc. If these videos are going out to a structured class that has progressed to a certain point, I get it, you are giving them the reasons and the chords as to why you play and place fingering where they need to be. Just a suggestion, if the goal is to help fellow guitarists, please state the level of skill set your video is, because, your average guitarist doesn’t have a clue on the names and the root notes, etc. Me included, sure we know chord names and after that, application is the next point we need to know. I can only guess how much time and effort goes into these, but you would get a huge positive response if you jammed a bit showing WHY you use a chord, chord set progression, and then show how to make the chords, Sounds too basic? 90% of your listening audience is here to learn genuinely and want your help:) I do:)